A noun is a word that names a person, place, a thing, or an idea.
Person: teacher, uncle, niece, Joey
Place: garage, city, park, school
Thing: paw, giraffe, bicycle, ice cream, doorknob
Idea: democracy, fame, love, disappointment
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, a group of words acting as a noun, or another pronoun.
The word or group of words to which a pronoun refers is called its antecedent.
I, me, we, us, you, he, him, she, her, they, them, it
A verb is a word that expresses action or a state of being. A verb is necessary to make a statement.
The students begin their homework. Studying grammar rocks.
Lisa entered class late. To me, it seems boring.
An adjective is a word that modifies a noun or pronoun by limiting its meaning. An adjective tells what kind, which one, how many, or how much.
round window six oranges that hat adult cat
romantic story many ideas these books Scottish wool
interesting book enough cups third time scary thought
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb by making its meaning more specific. Ad verbs modify by answering the questions “When?” “Where?” “How?” and “To what degree?”.
His phone rings often. The speaker will stand here.
Kim carefully polished the car. After getting caught shoplifting, Joe ran quickly.
A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in a sentence.
Examples of Commonly Used Prepositions
aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, amid, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, by, concerning, despite, down, during, except, excepting, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, onto, opposite, out, outside, over, past, pending, regarding, since, through, throughout, to, toward, under, underneath, until, unto, up, upon, with, within, without…
A conjunction is a word that joins single words or groups of words.
A coordinating conjunction joins words or groups of words that have equal grammatical weight in a sentence.
A subordinating conjunction joins words or groups of words that do not have equal grammatical weight in a sentence.
|Coordinating Conjunctions||Subordinating Conjunctions|
|and, but, or, so, nor, for, yet||after, although, as (if), because, before, if, since, unless, until, when(ever), whereas, while|
An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation.
An interjection has no grammatical connection to other words.
Oh, I didn’t know he had three eyes. Whew, it’s hot in this classroom.
Ouch! That hurts! Why, children!
Wow Oops Ssh Ah
Well Psst Yikes Alas
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