EMS Profession Overview:
The Emergency Medical System (EMS) is a tiered system established to bring lifesaving treatments to patients outside of the hospital. New Jersey’s EMS system was established in the mid-1950s and got its origin from a need of transporting the critically ill to definitive care. Since that time, EMS has evolved into a fully functioning extension of the emergency department providing lifesaving treatments at the roadside, bedside or anywhere necessary outside of the hospital.
The current New Jersey EMS model consists of three levels: EMR – Emergency Medical Responder (police officers and firefighters), EMT – Emergency Medical Technician (providers from local towns or private companies), and Paramedic (all paramedics in NJ are hospital employees).
EMT’s provide basic life support to patients in the pre-hospital environment. This would include CPR, automatic defibrillation, oxygen therapy, splinting, emergency childbirth and patient assisted medication administration. Paramedics provide advanced life support to patients in the pre-hospital environment. Paramedics are physician extenders that bring the Emergency Department to the field and provide the equivalent treatments that are offered in the first 15-20 minutes of care at an emergency department. Their skills and scope of practice include clinical assessment techniques, medication therapies, invasive skills and lifesaving skills. Paramedics and EMTs work cohesively to transport the critically ill from the pre-hospital environment to the most appropriate medical facility while stabilizing their condition during transport and transfer.
Bergen Community College
400 Paramus Road
Paramus, NJ 07652